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Western Carolina University

Environmental Science 150: Home

Introduction to Environmental Science

Resources for Credible Information & Scholarly Research

Don't forget Krista's search tips!

  1. Search words not sentences. 
  2. Try variations on your keywords.
  3. Put phrases in quotation marks
  4. Stuck for 10 minutes or more?  Chat for help.


  1. biodiversity assessment pollution
  2. wildflowers, wild-flowers, wild flowers
  3. "carbon offset" or "forest restoration"
  4. "Ask us" or Krista's email.


Google Search Tips


Tips for making Google work better for you!

  1. Use - before a word to exclude it:  environmental science -law
  2. Use quotation marks for words/phrases (see Krista's search tips above):  "green technology"
  3. Limit results to a certain site or domain:
  4. Enter most important term first:  environmental fire effects

See UWW's list for additional tips!

You can accomplish a lot of these same tips by using Google's advanced search!

Google Scholar Tips for Full Text

If you are using Google Scholar (GS) - particularly if you are using it from off campus - you'll want to connect it with Hunter Library's resources.  That means that when you search, GS will include full text options from Hunter library for you.  Once you get that set up, here's what it looks like:

Google Scholar citation result with orange arrows pointing to FullText@WesternCarolinaU link.

So how do you set this up?  Follow these steps!

  1. Go to Google Scholar and look for the three vertical lines in the top left corner.
  2. This opens an options menu in Google Scholar.
  3. Select "Settings" (it's the one with the gear icon).
  4. Look for "Library links" in the list of options in the top left corner.
  5. Type in Western Carolina University to search for Hunter Library.
  6. Check the box next to Western Carolina University - FullText@WesternCarolinaU.
  7. Click the Save button.

And that's it, you will now be linked to many of the library's holdings in Google Scholar.  You can then click on "FullText@WesternCarolinaU" when it appears next to a citation and be taken to WCU's access to the content.  If you are off campus, you will be asked to login.

Policy and Regulatory Resources

Council of Scientific Editors

Council of Scientific Editors Style offers three different systems for citing sources:  citation-name, citation-sequence, and name-year (See links below for additional information).

  • Citation-name
    1. End of paper reference list = alphabetic order by last name; each citation numbered
    2. In-text citations = number of reference.
  • Citation-sequence
    1. End of paper reference list = arranged by the order in which they appear in the paper; each citation numbered
    2. In-text citations = number of reference.
  • Name-year
    1. End of paper reference list = alphabetic order by last name
    2. In-text citations = last name and year of citation in parentheses

Brief guidelines for most commonly used cite types:

Journal citation:  Author(s). Date. Article title. Journal title. Volume(issue):page numbers.

Book citation:  Author(s). Date. Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher.

Book chapter:  Author(s). Date. Title. Chapter Title.  In: Editor(s) name, editor.  Book Title. Place of publication: publisher. chapter pages.

Website:  Title of Homepage. Date of publication. Edition. Place of publication: publisher; [date updated; date accessed].

CSE Style requires journal titles to be abbreviated (see Journal Title Abbreviations in left column).

Pick a Topic

Questions to answer

On a white board, answer the following, briefly:

  1. What did you like about Science Citation Index?
  2. What did you like about Environment Complete?
  3. Which resource (SCI or EC) did your group think had the best results for your topic & why?
  4. What did you like/dislike about Credo?