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Hunter Library
Research Guides
Western Carolina University

Biology 103: Environmental Biology: Home


As classes transition to an online environment, many of you may be looking for the e-book version of your text.  During this time, you can check both VitalSource and RedShelf for free access.  You will have to create an account using your WCU email.  Once created, you can search for you textbook by title and by author's last name.

Looking for additional sources to support curricular needs during COVID-19? Hunter Library has compiled a list of helpful resources here:

Ideas and Concepts

Research vs. Review Articles

Research articles (sometimes called "primary literature") are the reporting of original research.  Hallmarks of a research article include methodology, results, and discussion sections.

Review articles are a report of past research articles and do not include original research. These do not include original experiments or data. Think of these as more of a survey of current knowledge. 


Council Science Editors