Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Hunter Library
Research Guides
Western Carolina University

Chemistry

Research help including how to find scholarly articles, property information, spectra, patents, citing sources, and more!

Council of Scientific Editors

Council of Scientific Editors Style offers three different systems for citing sources:  citation-name, citation-sequence, and name-year (See links below for additional information).

  • Citation-name
    1. End of paper reference list = alphabetic order by last name; each citation numbered
    2. In-text citations = number of reference.
  • Citation-sequence
    1. End of paper reference list = arranged by the order in which they appear in the paper; each citation numbered
    2. In-text citations = number of reference.
  • Name-year
    1. End of paper reference list = alphabetic order by last name
    2. In-text citations = last name and year of citation in parentheses

Brief guidelines for most commonly used cite types:

Journal citation:  Author(s). Date. Article title. Journal title. Volume(issue):page numbers.

Book citation:  Author(s). Date. Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher.

Book chapter:  Author(s). Date. Title. Chapter Title.  In: Editor(s) name, editor.  Book Title. Place of publication: publisher. chapter pages.

Website:  Title of Homepage. Date of publication. Edition. Place of publication: publisher; [date updated; date accessed].

CSE Style requires journal titles to be abbreviated (see Journal Title Abbreviations in left column).

Reading Citations: Brief Tutorials